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集精品民宿、温泉洗浴为一体的文旅设计项目案例

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集精品民宿、温泉洗浴为一体的文旅设计项目案例

本案是集精品民宿、温泉洗浴为一体的文旅项目,为使大家更为了解设计公司在本案计中对空间的认知度,今天温泉汗蒸洗浴设计公司檀轩装饰和你一起感受一下民宿、温泉洗浴设计空间的冷暖度设计。本案的“冷暖度”可分为物理层面和现象层面。从物理层面来讲,建筑空间本无温度的意义,因为它等同于气温。但借由人的触感,材料的导热能力和质感使人产生“冷”和“暖”的主观感受,从而形成对特定材料的共同潜意识的温度感知力。因此,即使未与建筑有直接接触,仅从视觉上对其的温度感知也应运而生。这种因材料本身引起的对于冷暖的感知便是其物理性的冷暖度。

This case is a cultural tourism project integrating boutique homestay and hot spring bath.In order to make you more aware of the space awareness of the design company in this case,today's tanxuan decoration of hot spring sweat bath design company will experience the cold and warm design of the design space of homestay and hot spring bath together with you.The"cold and warm degree"of this case can be divided into physical level and phenomenon level.In terms of physics,the building space has no meaning of temperature,because it is equivalent to temperature.However,by means of human touch,thermal conductivity and texture of materials,people have subjective feelings of"cold"and"warm",thus forming a common subconscious temperature perception of specific materials.Therefore,even if there is no direct contact with the building,only from the visual perception of its temperature also came into being.The perception of temperature and cold caused by the material itself is its physical temperature and cold.

精品民宿、温泉洗浴设计效果图1

另一方面,任一种材料在本案民宿、温泉洗浴设计的过程中,均存在如何支撑与覆盖的结构问题。材料受运输和加工过程的极限尺寸限制,在搭建的过程便会面临一个基本的力学问题:材料以何种方式交接?当我们感知帕提农神庙高冷的静默,佛光寺大殿温润的庄重,均是通过材料以及杆件搭接方式互相配合,完成一次空间温度的塑造。这就是现象层面的“冷暖度”。建筑之材料取自于自然,由自然之力形成,组合交接的方式暗示了人的劳作之力,比例隐含了材料力学属性的能量,而光线则实现了空间的凝固。在现代建筑中,结构往往被消极地隐藏到墙和楼板里,但结构本身恰恰是一种自然力以及人力的精巧关联。

On the other hand,how to support and cover the structure of any kind of material in the design process of homestay and hot spring bath in this case.Material is limited by the limit size of transportation and processing process,so there will be a basic mechanical problem in the process of Construction:how to transfer materials?When we feel the cold silence of Parthenon temple and the gentle solemnity of the main hall of Foguang temple,we all cooperate with each other through materials and rod lapping to complete the shaping of space temperature.This is the phenomenon level of"cold and warm".The materials of architecture come from nature and are formed by the force of nature.The way of combination and connection implies the force of human labor,the proportion implies the energy of material mechanical properties,and the light realizes the solidification of space.In modern architecture,the structure is often passively hidden in the walls and floors,but the structure itself is just a delicate connection of natural force and human force.

精品民宿、温泉洗浴设计效果图1

暖亭取材于最常见的木材,木材给人温暖之感,是自然力通过时间累积长成的材料。中国人积累了大量木作的技术,并将其发展成一套内涵丰富的文化体系。虽然以现代数学和物理学的观点审视之,其材料的结构效率不高。但中国传统木构体系的审美和志趣都蕴含极高的艺术价值。因取材自然,造屋往往大料难得,因此用小料搭建大屋是民间造屋的现实问题无法避免。在中国南方大部分地区,穿斗式的屋架方式是一种简洁有效的解决方案。小料密布,柱子和梁就直接暴露在整个空间中。历经数代木料搭接的演进,产生的木构文化,已经让我们对木头这种材料产生一种潜移默化的“木有引力”:木结构,梁柱不独立,总是组合出现形成一种抱团簇拥之感。木材质的集中堆积的数量,往往也是展示人力之强,甚至上升为文化等级观念(斗拱)。这种木料堆积往往出现在目所能及而手不可及之处,它已经远远超出了结构支撑的理性意义。古人常用这种杆件抱团堆积而产生的气场来表达权力或者财力,文人则常用这种杆件的变化来表达某种审美的情志。

Warm Pavilion is made from the most common wood,which gives people a warm feeling.It is the material accumulated by natural force through time.Chinese people have accumulated a lot of wood technology and developed it into a rich cultural system.Although viewed from the point of view of modern mathematics and physics,the structural efficiency of materials is not high.But the aesthetics and interest of Chinese traditional wood structure system contain high artistic value.Because of the nature of materials,building houses is often difficult with big materials,so building big houses with small materials is a real problem that can not be avoided.In most areas of southern China,the through bucket roof truss is a simple and effective solution.The small materials are densely distributed,and the columns and beams are directly exposed in the whole space.After several generations of wood overlapping evolution,the wood structure culture has made us have a subtle"wood gravitation"to wood:wood structure,beams and columns are not independent,always combined to form a feeling of hugging.The number of concentrated accumulation of wood materials often shows the strength of human resources,and even rises to the concept of cultural hierarchy(Dougong).This kind of wood accumulation often appears in the place beyond the reach of the eye and the reach of the hand.It has gone far beyond the rational significance of structural support.The ancients often used this kind of atmosphere to express power or financial resources,while the literati often used this kind of change to express some aesthetic sentiment.

精品民宿、温泉洗浴设计效果图1

暖亭,用一种最简化的木料搭接的方式,正交卧搭,经过几次转换,将本案民宿、温泉洗浴空间中平面结构体系转化为坡屋顶檩椽体系。整个木杆件无草架明柎之分。符合当代建筑学所追求的建构之风。因结构转接的叠加,木梁呈现出抱团之感,再加上天窗的光线塑形,整个空间如沐暖之气。散柱式,空间再平面上具有“十”字型二向性,因此四根散柱布置具有稳定作用,散柱的方式模糊了柱的比例关系。让柱子从一根变为四根,增加了结构在空间中的视觉权重。不同于木质的温暖,“金”属给人冰冷之感。从巴黎世博会机械馆的柱脚,到柏林美术馆的柱头,金属因其强大的力学性能,改变了木石砖需要靠数量叠加才能获得的结构强度。金属材料产生了大量奇观式的结构形式,但金属终究给人一种冰冷的气氛,从身体上产生一种排斥力。如果说暖结构是一种引力关系,冷结构则是一种疏离之感。

After several transformations,the plane structure system of the residential accommodation and hot spring bathing space in this case was transformed into the purlin rafter system of the sloping roof.The whole wood member has no grass to stand on.It is in line with the architectural style pursued by contemporary architecture.Due to the superposition of structural transition,the wood beams present a feeling of hugging.With the light shaping of skylight,the whole space is like a warm air.The arrangement of the four columns is stable,and the proportion of the columns is blurred.The columns are changed from one to four,which increases the visual weight of the structure in space.Unlike the warmth of wood,"gold"is cold.From the plinth of the mechanical Museum of the Paris World Expo to the plinth of the Berlin Art Museum,due to its strong mechanical properties,metal has changed the structural strength of wood and stone bricks that can only be obtained by quantity superposition.Metal materials have produced a large number of spectacular structural forms,but metal eventually gives people a cold atmosphere and a repulsive force from the body.If the warm structure is a gravitational relation,the cold structure is a sense of alienation.

精品民宿、温泉洗浴设计效果图1

冷亭采用钢结构,杆件都是市场最易获得的型材。民宿、温泉洗浴设计公司希望梁、柱、板之间保有一种疏离的斥力,甚至将两根中柱直接穿透楼板支撑屋顶,让柱子跟楼板无任何搭接关系,产生某种脱离。更甚让柱子穿水面而出,跟水面这种无形之物也排斥开来。在冷亭中,结构在冰气中挺立,檐柱又同基座以一种吊脚柱的方式脱离开来,强化这种斥力所在,整个空间中重力同人力的较劲,使得隐匿的冷之力量充盈其中。冷与暖,不只是物理属性,更是一种现象的感知,不以空气的温度为计,却以空间的气韵让人冷暖自知。

Cold pavilion adopts steel structure,and its members are the most easily available profiles in the market.Homestay and hot spring bath design companies hope that there will be a kind of separation repulsion between beams,columns and slabs,and even two middle columns will directly penetrate the floor to support the roof,so that there is no overlap between the columns and the floor,resulting in some kind of separation.Even more let the column through the water and out,with the surface of this invisible object also repel.In the cold pavilion,the structure stands upright in the ice air,and the eaves column is separated from the base in a way of davit,which strengthens the repulsion force.The gravity and human force in the whole space compete,making the hidden cold force filled in.Cold and warm are not only physical properties,but also the perception of a phenomenon.They are not calculated by the temperature of the air,but by the charm of space.

精品民宿、温泉洗浴设计效果图1